An Integrated View of Empathy: Psychology, Philosophy, and Neuroscience
Nakao, H., & Itakura, S. (2009). An Integrated View of Empathy: Psychology, Philosophy, and Neuroscience. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 43 (1): 42-52.
Abstract: In this paper, we will examine
and untangle a conflict mainly between a developmental psychologist,
Martin Hoffman and a social psychologist, Daniel Batson. According to
Hoffman, empathic distress, a vicarious feeling through empathy, is
transformed into an altruistic motivation. Batson and others on the
other hand, criticize Hoffman, claiming that empathic altruism has no
relation with empathic distress. We will point out some problems with
Batson’s position by referring to the results of fMRI experiments that
suggest empathic distress and empathic altruism share a common basis,
and defend Hoffman’s argument. This will also offer new insights into
the evolution of empathy.
(Something interesting I found)Posted: Monday, April 20, 2009