Proactivity Directed Toward the Team and Organization: The Role of Leadership, Commitment and Role-breadth Self-efficacy
British Journal of Management, Vol. 20, No. 3, Pg. 279 - 291.
Strauss, Mark A.
and Alannah E.
Employees' proactive behaviour is increasingly important for
organizations seeking to adapt in uncertain economic environments. This
study examined the link between leadership and proactive behaviour. We
differentiated between organizational leadership and team leadership
and proposed that transformational leadership by team leaders would
enhance commitment to the team, which would predict team member
proactivity. In contrast, transformational leadership by leaders of the
organization would enhance commitment to the organization, which we
expected to predict organization member proactivity. Transformational
leadership on both levels was expected to increase employees'
role-breadth self-efficacy, the confidence necessary to engage in
proactive behaviour. Our results demonstrate the importance of
leadership as an antecedent of proactive work behaviour and suggest
that leadership at different levels influences proactivity via
different mediators. Transformational team leaders seem to facilitate
proactivity by increasing employees' confidence to initiate change.
Transformational organizational leaders on the other hand increase
proactivity by enhancing employees' commitment to the organization.
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(Something interesting I found)Posted: Thursday, January 7, 2010