Why did I do this?: Understanding leadership behavior through a dynamic five-factor model of leadership

Journal of Leadership Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3, Pages 41-52.

 Stefan Seiler, Andres C. Pfister

Leadership theories referring to complex adaptive system theory (CAS) describe leadership as a dynamic process of interdependent, cooperating agents. However, research on leadership behavior focuses mainly on the leader as an influencing, active agent. This article offers a different perspective by focusing on factors that influence leadership behavior. A dynamic five-factor model of leadership is introduced, which identifies (1) the leader's individual competence, (2) the group, (3) the organization, (4) the context, and (5) the immediate situation as all influencing factors on leadership behavior. To address the problem of the procedural nature of leadership behavior, the dynamic five-factor model is combined with a scenario-based approach. The scenario approach focuses on situational developments in a given context, whereby a previous situation influences a leader's behavior in the subsequent situation. By integrating the dynamic five-factor model into a scenario approach, one can understand a leader's behavior in its procedural nature. The practical usability of the dynamic five-factor model and the scenario approach was assessed in a leadership development program with 81 military officers. Structured feedback from participants indicated that the model and the approach were perceived as helpful and relevant for understanding leadership behavior.

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(Something interesting I found)Posted: Thursday, January 7, 2010 by nick stock
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