Beyond the information given: The power of a belief in self-interest
European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 1, Pg. 26-34, 2010.
Joel H. K. Vuolevi, Paul A. M. Van Lange
How do we interpret other's behavior when we lack important pieces of
information? Do we give the other the benefit of the doubt, believing
that the other behaves in a fair manner? Or do we fill in the blanks
with self-interest? To address these questions, we designed a new
method - the dice-rolling paradigm - in which participants observed
another person assigning outcomes by rolling two dice and allocating
one of them to the participant, who only had information about one of
the two dice. Using different baselines, the results revealed that
participants underestimated the outcomes the other allocated to the
participants, and overestimated the outcomes the other allocated to
self, indicating that people assume self-interest from others when
information is incomplete.
Read the article.
(Something interesting I found)Posted: Friday, February 12, 2010