Are courageous actions successful actions?
Journal of Positive Psychology, Vol. 5, pg. 62 – 72, 2010.
by Cynthia L. S. Pury and Autumn D. Hensel
When asked to describe a courageous action they have taken personally,
people overwhelmingly describe an action with a successful outcome
(Pury, Kowalski, & Spearman, 2007). Study 1 replicated these
findings in observations of other people. Fifty participants described
a courageous action taken by another person and made parallel ratings
to Pury et al. Participants in Study 1 also described actions with
overwhelmingly successful outcomes. In Study 2, 152 participants rated
otherwise identical scenarios differing in success of outcome and
attribution (internal vs. external) for outcome. Successful actions
were rated as more courageous than unsuccessful outcomes, although this
effect was attenuated for external attributions. Thus, we suggest that
successful outcome is an unarticulated part of implicit theories of
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(Something interesting I found)Posted: Tuesday, April 6, 2010