Constitutive and Instrumental Goal Orientations and their Relations with Eudaimonic and Hedonic Well-being
The Journal of Positive Psychology, Vol. 5(2), pgs. 139 - 153, 2010.
by Blaine J. Fowers, Christine O. Mollica, Erin N. Procacci
This study investigated an Aristotelian model of eudaimonic and hedonic
well-being that distinguishes between goal orientations in which the
means and ends are separable (instrumental) and in which the means and
ends are inherently related (constitutive). Eudaimonic well-being was
expected to be related to constitutive goal orientation and hedonic
well-being was expected to be related to both constitutive and
instrumental goal orientation. Personal identification with activities
was expected to mediate the relationship between constitutive goal
orientation and eudaimonic well-being. Personal enjoyment was expected
to mediate the relationship between instrumental goal orientation and
hedonic well-being. Factor analysis supported the independence of
constitutive and instrumental goal orientation measures. As predicted,
SEM results suggested that there were independent pathways to
eudaimonic and hedonic well-being, with strong mediation in both
pathways. Results were consistent with Aristotle's [Aristotle (1999). The Nicomachean ethics
(M. Ostwald, Trans.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.] concept
of eudaimonia and contribute to the growing literature exploring the
contrast between eudaimonic and hedonic well-being.
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(Something interesting I found)Posted: Monday, June 7, 2010